The BBC has defended a decision to air Enoch Powell’s 1968 “Rivers of Blood” speech on Radio 4.
The Archive on 4 programme, presented by BBC media editor Amol Rajan, will on Saturday broadcast the right-wing MP’s anti-immigration speech – voiced by an actor – in full for the first time.
The decision to do so was criticised as an “incitement to racial hatred”.
But a BBC spokesman said it was being aired “in order to asses it fully” and for it to be analysed.
Delivered to local Conservative Party members in Birmingham, days before the second reading of the 1968 Race Relations Bill, then MP Powell referenced observations made by his Wolverhampton constituents including “in 15 or 20 years’ time the black man will have the whip hand over the white man”.
He ended with a quote from Virgil’s Aeneid, when civil war in Italy is predicted with “the River Tiber foaming with much blood”.
The anti-immigration speech ended his career in Edward Heath’s shadow cabinet.
The Race Relations Act made it illegal to refuse housing, employment or public services to people because of their ethnic background.
Marking 50 years since the speech, Archive on 4 plans to reflect its enduring influence and significance. The full text will be read by actor Ian McDiarmid, who played Powell on stage in the play What Shadows but is probably best known for playing Emperor Palpatine in the Star Wars films.
But Lord Adonis has called for the broadcast on Saturday to be cancelled and has written to the regulator Ofcom.
“What is happening to our public service broadcaster?” the Labour peer wrote on Twitter.
He said the speech was the “worst incitement to racial violence by a public figure in modern Britain”.
“Obviously this matter will be raised in parliament” should the broadcast go ahead, he wrote to Ofcom.
A number of journalists have also criticised the broadcast, suggesting it is evidence of racism being “normalised”.
One contributor to the programme, Dr Shirin Hirsch from the University of Wolverhampton, has since tweeted that she “made a mistake” in being interviewed for it and was “sick with worry since seeing the way this is being presented”.
“We can study racists without platforming and amplifying the racist things they say,” said another Twitter user.
But the BBC said few had heard it “beyond sound bites”.
“Radio 4’s well established programme Archive on 4 reflects in detail on historical events and, in order to assess the speech fully and its impact on the immigration debate, it will be analysed by a wide range of contributors including many anti-racism campaigners,” a BBC spokesman added.