Greek riot police have begun evacuating hundreds of refugees from a makeshift shelter set up inside the abandoned buildings of Athens’ old airport.
A heavy police presence blocked off all access to the Elliniko airport site in the early hours of Friday, denying entry to journalists, as an estimated 650 migrants and refugees collected their belongings and began boarding buses to camps elsewhere in Greece.
Police said up to 500 people, mainly families, would go to a camp in Thebes, about 70km northwest of Athens.
The remainder of mainly single people would be taken to the aliens department for identity verification, before being moved to facilities outside of the capital.
— Marianna Karakoulaki (@Faloulah) June 2, 2017
Activists gathered outside the old airport to protest against the police operation, and decried the transfer of single people to the department on Petrou Ralli street as “nothing else than a deportation procedure”.
“Police went in violently and occupied the spaces in order to move the refugees to areas they do not want,” Petros Konstantinou said, a left-wing Athens city councillor and coordinator for United Movement Against Racism and the Fascist Threat, told Al Jazeera from outside Elliniko.
“Police arrested the camp’s leaders, including Masoud Qahar, under the pretense of identity verification,” he added.
Qahar, a former logistical officer with NATO who fled Afghanistan after he says he received death threats from the Taliban, has helped organise protests for better living conditions in Greece’s refugee camps.
A spokesman for Greek police told Al Jazeera that he could not comment on the issue as the operation was still under way.
Human rights groups criticised conditions at Elliniko as deplorable and unfit for humans. Hundreds slept crammed in tents in the old arrivals terminal last summer, in scorching temperatures with little food and bouts of crime and violence.
Greek officials reportedly said that 90 percent of refugees at Elliniko said they would relocate voluntarily, while they rest opposed to their transfer.
|A girl holds up a teddy bear during a police operation to clear out Elliniko [Costas Baltas/Reuters]|
But Konstantinou said that about 150 people staying at the arrivals’ hall inside the old airport were against their transfer outside the capital.
“We spoke to them on Thursday night, and all of them said they did not want to move outside Athens. They want to be relocated to apartments in the city and better access to food services,” he said.
Activists close to refugees told Al Jazeera that the refusal of many people who had been living at Elliniko for many years stemmed from the uncertainty over the conditions they would face at the new camps. The move could also limit much-need access to legal and psychological support, they said.
“This is a serious and complex issue, as most of these people are very vulnerable and in need of specific help – from lawyers and counselling to psychologists and medicines,” a Greek volunteer worker, who is in daily contact with refugees, said.
Others, mostly Afghans not eligible for a European relocation programme to other member states, feared that moving farther from Athens would make it harder to leave Greece.
Maria Bikaki, of the SYPROME solidarity group, said refugees had a right to live in a city like Athens and be able to access education and healthcare.
“We are very worried because the refugees are not answering their phones, and we believe that they have been arrested,” she told Greece’s ANA-MPA news agency.
> If #refugeesgr deside to stay out of camps, they don’t get the cash card. Also if they leave a camp, they cannot easily get back in.
— NoBorders (@Refugees_Gr) June 2, 2017
The refugees were first taken to Elliniko in November 2015 when police began transferring hundreds from the Greek-Macedonian border.
The government had long promised to empty the site, which it has agreed to lease to private investors under its bailout programme, but struggled to convince the refugees to move to other camps in the mainland.
More than 62,000 migrants and refugees heading to northern Europe have been stranded in Greece since countries in the Balkans shut their borders to those seeking passage in March last year.
Konstantinou, the Athens councillor, accused the Greek government of and European authorities of succumbing to pressure from an emerging “far-right, anti-refugee sentiment across Europe”.
Desperate journeys: Europol to investigate Greece refugee camps
Source: Al Jazeera and news agencies
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